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Tuesday, 25 February 2020


Modi gets praise from Donald Trump, how true - how false

US President Donald Trump addressed thousands of people during his two-day visit to India.

In this speech, Donald Trump praised Prime Minister Narendra Modi and explained how the recent policies of the Modi government are playing an important role in the development of India.

 The claims made in Trump's speech are investigated.

Trump's first claim - Trump has said that the Indian economy has grown six times since the beginning of the 21st century.

Reality check: Trump's claim is true when it comes to GDP.

According to the International Monetary Fund in the year 2000, Indian GDP was $ 477 billion. But in 2019, Indian GDP has reached 2940 billion dollars.

This is a 6.2-fold increase compared to the 2000 figures.

According to the figures revealed in the global economic outlook of the IMF in the year 2019, India has become the fifth largest economy in the world.

Trump's second claim - "India dragged 270 million people out of poverty in a decade"

Reality Check: According to the 2019 UN Report, in 2016, 271 million fewer people were living below the poverty line in India than in the last ten years.

However, this report also shows that 36.4 crore Indians are facing lack of health, nutrition, education and sanitation along with reduction in the number of poor.

It has also been told in this report that one fourth of Indians living below the poverty line are less than ten years old.

Trump's third claim - 'Electricity has reached every village for the first time in India under Modi rule'.

Reality Check: In the year 2018, the Modi government announced that the Indian government has completed its goal of providing electricity to every village.

But in this case it is important to understand what it means.

According to the government, if electricity is reaching the homes of ten percent of people in a village, in public institutions like schools, health centers, etc. then it will be assumed that electricity has reached that village.

By the time Modi became Prime Minister in 2014, electricity had reached 94 percent of India's six lakh villages.

  investigated this claim during the election last year.

Trump's fourth claim - highway construction has doubled

Reality Check: It is true that since Narendra Modi came to power, there has been a significant increase in the total length of India's highway.

The government has built ten thousand kilometers of highways in 2018-19.

This is more than double the total length of the highway constructed by the Congress government in 2013-14.

The government has set a similar target this year.

By November 2019, 5958 km of highway has been built.

The reality check team has investigated this claim.

Trump's fifth claim - 320 million internet users in India

Reality Check: There is no clarity on this claim as there are 600 million internet subscribers in India.

This is the standard given by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India for calculating the number of Internet subscribers.

In the last few years, there has been a sharp increase in these figures and this is more than what Trump has claimed.

But if you live in a city instead of a village, then you will be able to use the internet better. And most of the people live in villages, towns and small cities in India.

Along with this, a kind of gender discrimination is also seen in the matter of internet consumption.

According to a study revealed in 2019, women in India are 50 percent less likely to use the Internet than men.

Last year, the team of Reality Check got information about an ambitious project in their research, which is engaged in the work of providing internet in rural India. This project made very good progress in the beginning but achieving goals is proving difficult.

Sixth claim of Trump - '60 million people have toilets'

Reality Check: In October 2014, PM Modi started the Swachh Bharat Mission.

Under this mission, the government started constructing toilets for homes where there are no toilets already.

According to information from the Department of Drinking Water and Rural Sanitation, more than 10 crore toilets have been built.

We cannot check the figure of 60 crores but there is a possibility that each toilet has been used by many people.

In April 2018, the Prime Minister declared India as open defecation free.

 The reality check team found out in their investigation that the number of Indians defecating in the open has decreased. But UN statistics say that open defecation is still quite common.

Trump's seventh claim - '70 million new gas connections'

Reality check: PM Modi launched the scheme of giving gas cylinders to poor families under the Ujjwala scheme in the year 2016.

Under this, there is a provision to provide cylinders to poor families and to provide subsidy for filling them for three years.

According to the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, the Government of India achieved its target by distributing 8 crore connections by September last year.

In our assessment, it has been found that the success of this project is being discounted due to the high cost of filling the cylinder.

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